Doctors are being told not to recommend a popular blood thinner to treat patients with the heart condition, AFib.

The drug, warfarin, is more commonly known by the brand name Coumadin.

New guidelines released Monday from the American Heart Association show warfarin is no longer recommended to treat atrial fibrillation, or AFib.


A new study finds lowering blood pressure could cut the risk of developing a brain disorder that can lead to Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia. One in three American adults have high blood pressure and only half have it under control.

The lead author of the study, Dr. Jeff Williamson of Wake Forest School of Medicine, called the findings a leap forward.

"For the first time in history we can say, in terms of blood pressure lowering treatment, what is good for your heart is also good for your brain," Williamson said.

The study looked at the effect of more intensive blood pressure control and risks of developing mild cognitive impairment. That's when people develop problems with thinking and planning, but can still do everyday tasks. It can be a gateway to dementia.

Getting enough of the omega 3 fatty acids DHA and EPA into the brain to study their effects on conditions such as Alzheimer's and depression—which they have been shown to help—is no easy task. While supplements containing these fatty acids exist, there is scant evidence showing that these supplements actually increase DHA or EPA in the brain. To measurably increase levels of EPA in the brain, a person would have to consume a small glass of it each day, quite possibly with the side effect of smelling like fish.
Unbeknownst to the bros who skip leg day, squats are an incredible exercise for many reasons. They help build your major leg muscles plus all the tiny stabilizing muscles that you need to do basic daily tasks like getting up from a chair. You may not yet be of an age where standing up is challenging, but when you are you will be better off if you built up those muscles earlier in your life. Plus, squats sculpt your butt—and who doesn’t want a nice-looking butt?

All of this is true if you’re doing a real squat. You may have heard gym-goers talk about getting “below parallel”—that means that when you squat, your butt drops below your knees. They’re not just being pedantic. Getting down to that full depth squat is part of what makes it such an effective, useful exercise. “With a squat, you’re basically trying to extend your hips and your knees,” explains Greg Nuckols, who holds both degrees in exercise science and three all-time world records in powerlifting (his site, Stronger by Scie
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nce, is a nerdy weightlifter’s goldmine). To accomplish that you need to engage your quads, your glutes, and your adductor magnus. (Don’t worry, we’ll explain exactly what those actually are.)
Almost 9,000 children and teenagers died from opioid poisoning from 1999 to 2016, and annual deaths increased threefold over the 18 years, a team of researchers at Yale University reported Friday.

Higher collective consumption of sweetened fruit drinks, soda, and water was associated with a higher likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a community-based study of African-American adults in Mississippi. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), contribute to the growing body of evidence pointing to the negative health consequences of consuming sugar-sweetened beverages.

The spike in heart attacks is likely linked to increased emotions and activity around the Christmas holiday.

A pharmaceutical company said some of its blood pressure medication is being recalled after the presence of a cancer-causing agent was discovered in two lots, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Dec. 20.

Torrent Pharmaceuticals Limited said it is voluntarily recalling two lots of Losartan potassium tablets, used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), after traces of N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) were discovered. NDEA is a known cause of cancer and occurs naturally in “certain foods, drinking water, air pollution, and industrial processes, and has been classified as a probable human carcinogen,” the FDA stated. The active pharmaceutical ingredient, which contains the NDEA, was manufactured by Hetero Labs Limited.

No “events related to this recall” have been reported by Torrent Pharmaceuticals, the FDA said.

Study reveals a common cellular mechanism through which bacterial infection could promote cancer and increase resistance to anticancer drugs.

Enbrel and Humira are medications that doctors prescribe to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions. Both help lower inflammation in the joints and are similar, regarding their available forms, storage, and costs. Learn more about Enbrel and Humira, and which might be the most appropriate, here.
These four “natural” therapies for depression have rigorous, peer-reviewed scientific studies to support their use.

If a mother eats a high-fat diet, this can have a negative effect on the health of her offspring – right down to her great-grandchildren. This is the conclusion drawn by researchers at ETH Zurich from a study with mice. Mothers’ eating habits not only affect their children and grandchildren, but also their great-grandchildren.


In heart failure, the heart is unable to pump blood effectively throughout the body. One key factor in the development of this condition is calcium dysregulation. A newly discovered molecule that may be able to address this issue could become the next therapeutic target for this heart condition. The heart can contract, relax, and pump blood through the veins effectively, partly due to a process called "calcium cycling." This process allows calcium to circulate in and out of cells. This cycle is sometimes impaired by a person's age, which can also affect the rate or potency with which the heart muscle pumps out blood. Calcium dysregulation may therefore lead to the development of heart failure.


With at least two flu-related deaths reported in North Carolina in the past several weeks, state officials are urging the public to get vaccinated before the flu season becomes serious. They’re hoping to avoid a repeat of last flu season, when 391 people in North Carolina died, the most flu deaths since the state started tracking them in 2009. Nationally, flu deaths also broke records, claiming more than 80,000 lives. The majority of those who died were over age 65, according to estimates from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta. Wake County has already had one flu-related death, that of Wake County school board member Kathy Hartenstine, 68, who unexpectedly died last month. Hartenstine’s family said her death was caused by flu-related complications. Another flu-related death, that of an older Buncombe County resident, was reported this month by that county’s medical director.

We've all heard that a glass of wine a day is good for you.

But a new study says that for most of us, that may not be true.

Researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, Missouri, found a daily drink increased the risk of premature death by a fifth, no matter how old you are.
Causes of breast cancer include lifestyle factors and inherited factors. Knowing breast cancer risk factors can help you in your efforts to avoid the disease.
In a report released Friday, the World Health Organization announced that alcohol contributed to more than 3 million deaths in 2016. Of these deaths, 28 percent were due to injuries, 21 percent due to digestive disorders, and 19 percent due to cardiovascular diseases.
Europeans are healthier and living longer compared to five years ago, according to the European health report published Wednesday.

However, the study by the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that smoking and rising obesity could reverse the gains if left unchecked, and revealed "significant" discrepancies between countries with the highest and lowest life expectancy.
Prostate cancer is described as the most common, non-skin cancer in America. It is also the second leading cause of cancer death. 1 out of every 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime. We take a look at the causes, symptoms, screenings, and treatments for this deadly disease.

Read more at: https://www.wjbf.com/featured/the-means-report/prostate-cancer-signs-symptoms-and-facts-every-man-should-know/1432140460
Money has poured into Alzheimer's research, but until very recently not much of it went toward investigating infection in causing dementia. A million dollar prize may lead more scientists to try.

Researchers have discovered a new mechanism that cancer cells in mice and humans can use to spread from organ to organ. The lymphatic vessels play an unexpectedly active role in this process. These vessels transport tissue fluids and also play an important role in the body’s immune system, according to recent research results.

You can train with lighter weights without missing out on any gains.

Some people like to say that lifting heavy weights is the only way to build muscle. High reps and light weights might improve your endurance, these people argue, but they’re not going to make your muscles any bigger.

In fact, the latest science shows that training with lighter weights and higher reps is a surprisingly effective way to make your muscles grow. Let’s dig in and take a closer look at what it all means for you.
You know how you're not supposed to stick anything in your ear smaller than your elbow? There's a reason for that: The little fancy holes on the side of our heads are precision instruments, more complex and precise than a Swiss clock.

The job of an ear is to provide balance and hearing, which is just a nifty little bit of auditory transduction — the conversion of sound waves (basically air molecules clacking together through space) into electrical signals we can process and understand. It turns out that's pretty complex. It's so complex, in fact, that scientists have never really been able to pinpoint what allows this complicated conversion to happen.

Transduction in other sensory systems has been well understood for decades, but because the inner ear is difficult to reach, there are comparatively few inner ear receptor cells to study (the inner ear has about 16,000 receptor cells compared to the human retina's 100,000), and the environment inside the cochlea — the shell-shaped c
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avity that houses all the tiny, hair-like receptor cells — is so delicate, it's a difficult experimentation subject.

But now a paper published Aug. 22, 2018, in the journal Neuron reports the unraveling of the mystery behind the "holy grail" of hearing proteins. The research team from Harvard Medical School has worked out that TMC1, a protein discovered back in 2002, is ultimately responsible for hearing and balance in vertebrates.

"We believe our findings settle that issue for good and yield definitive proof that TMC1 is the critical molecular sensor that converts sound and motion into electrical signals the brain can understand," said co-author Jeffrey Holt, Harvard Medical School professor of otolaryngology and neurology at Boston Children's Hospital, in a press release. "It is, indeed, the gatekeeper of hearing."
Do you want to lose 20 pounds or more quickly? If you haven't tried the Dukan Diet, keep reading this article. Created by a French doctor Pierre Dukan, this diet has created a stir in France over the last decade and was just released outside of France.

The Dukan Diet has proven a success in people with a little weight to lose and for those who want to lose a lot of weight in a hurry. Dr. Dukan notes that our weight gain is a result of how many fat cells we have. When we overeat, we get to a certain point where the fat cells grow large enough that if we don't stop the unhealthy cycle, they then split into two creating more fat cells. This makes dieting much harder. After working with thousands of patients, Dr. Dukan developed this diet to help people with all different body shapes and sizes to be able to lose and maintain weight loss.
The anesthetic ketamine has drawn excitement in recent years as a fast-acting and effective treatment for severe depression. Now, a small, new study sheds light on exactly how the drug works to treat depression, with a surprising finding: Ketamine needs to activate opioid receptors in order to have anti-depressant effects.

The new findings challenge previous views on how the drug works to treat depression, the researchers said. "It doesn't work like everyone thought it was working," co-senior study author Dr. Alan Schatzberg, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University School of Medicine, said in a statement.
Vitamin D has many important functions. The body produces it after exposure to sunlight, but in winter months or areas with less sunshine, many people choose to take supplements. Taking too much vitamin D can lead to negative side effects, including brittle bones and dehydration. Learn more here.
Depression is one of the most common—and most stigmatized—illnesses of our time. To help people understand it, cope with it, and heal from it, Well+Good Council member and practicing psychiatrist Drew Ramsey, MD, regularly talks about prevention and treatment. Now, emerging research finds even more evidence that exercise can help ward off depression in some people. Here, Dr. Ramsey explains why these findings are so promising…and why you might want to lace up your running shoes today.

Read more at: https://www.wellandgood.com/good-advice/exercise-prevent-depression/
The overwhelming majority of gun deaths in America don't involve bad guys with guns — they're caused by people deliberately harming themselves. The U.S. experiences more than 60 gun suicides daily.
It starts with forgetting things you just learned, but over time, it becomes debilitating: Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth most common cause of death in the United States according to the Alzheimer’s Association. But researchers still aren’t sure what causes it—let alone how to treat it.

A groundbreaking new study by a coalition of American scientists offers more definitive evidence than any past study that Alzheimer’s disease is somehow connected to viruses. But story headlines have largely focused on the two viruses the researchers found in greatest quantity: human herpesvirus (HHV) 6A and HHV 7. While they might be connected to the degenerative brain disease, they’re far from the only viruses the researchers studied—and unlike their better-known cousins HSV 1 and HSV 2, they aren’t sexually transmitted.

Read more at: https://www.popsci.com/herpes-alzheimers-hhv
A compelling new study from researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center has shed more light on the mysterious connection between our diet, gut bacteria and mood. The study found that mice given a high-fat diet displayed greater depressive behaviors until microbiome-altering antibiotics returned their behavior back to normal.

Read more: /gut-bacteria-obesity-depression-anxiety/55072/
When a frustrating situation makes your head explode, try this advice.
Any physical exercise will improve thinking, as long as you do it somewhat consistently and stick with it long enough, according to an analysis of 98 previous studies.
The emotion nostalgia has a darker past, in which sufferers experienced extreme psychosis, and at worst, death.
We're not wired to feel safe all the time, but maybe one day we could be.
Preliminary research in mice suggests that one day, it might be possible to reverse atherosclerosis in humans with a simple injection.
It was revealed today that Dame Barbara Windsor has Alzheimer's.
Raw oysters from Canada are tied to a norovirus outbreak that's sickened more than 200 people.
Having blood type O almost trebles the risk of dying from serious injury because it does not clot as well, scientists have found.
Harvard researchers have made an interesting discovery: Mindfulness can lower your blood pressure by changing how your genes operate.

Source: https://www.inc.com/elisa-boxer/harvard-scientists-say-doing-this-can-lower-your-blood-pressure-hint-its-all-in-your-head.html
A new breakthrough at the University of Colorado is the latest advance in the burgeoning realm of anti-aging science, demonstrating how a chemically altered nutritional supplement may well reverse aging of the blood vessels, in turn giving cardiovascular health a vital boost. ​
Note to readers: This essay contains graphic and disturbing content.

I was 14 and working as a babysitter when the thoughts first came.
This study, plus an earlier on in Israel, bolsters anecdotal evidence that in states where marijuana is legal, opioid overdoses decline.
As early as your mid-40s, especially if you're sedentary, your heart muscle can show signs of aging, losing its youthful elasticity and power. But moderately strenuous exercise can change that.
Science shows that our brain is the most modifiable part of our body and easiest to strengthen, more than our heart or teeth.
It’s the first FDA-authorized genetic-cancer-risk test available without a doctor’s note.
As someone who has suffered from and eventually escaped the diet roller coaster, and who has professionally been on a mission to help others get off it, too, it's no surprise that I follow anti-diet voices on social media – many of whom are nutrition experts.
In a paper published in 2016, researchers suggested that in the 1960s, the sugar industry paid scientists to obscure the relationship between sugar and heart disease, derailing the course of nutrition science and policy for years to come. Two researchers at Columbia University say that those claims are not backed by the historical evidence.
Thousands of Americans undergo angioplasty each year when they don't need. Consumer Reports explains when stents are and aren't needed.
A Japanese drug company is offering up a big claim: Shionogi & Co. says it has an experimental pill that can kill the flu virus within a single day, according to news reports.

In a clinical trial, a single dose of the drug made by the pharmaceutical company eliminated the virus from people's bodies in a median time of 24 hours, The Wall Street Journal reported. Both Japanese and American flu patients were included in the trial.
Whether you want to tone up, slim down, or boost your mood, you've likely taken a stab at tweaking your fitness routine. Unfortunately, there's a lot of fitness advice out there that won't help you meet your goals and could actually do more harm than good.

Here's an overview of some of the most enduring workout myths and misconceptions, as well as the real science that can help you meet your fitness goals in a healthy way.

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